Pakistan Factbook

Chief of State: President Mr. Mamnoon Hussain
Head of Government: Prime Minister Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif

Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, between India on the east and Iran and Afghanistan on the west and China in the north

Border Length: Afghanistan 2,430 km, China 523 km, India 2,912 km, Iran 909 km

Geographic Coordinates: 30 00 N, 70 00 E

Area: total: 796,095 sq km
Country comparison to the world: 36
Land: 770,875 sq km
Water: 25,220 sq km
Coastline: 1,046 km
Terrain: Flat Indus plain in east; mountains in north and northwest; Balochistan plateau in west

Population:
184,404,791 (July 2010 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 6
Urban population: 36% of total population (2008) rate of urbanization: 3% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Muslim 95% (Sunni 75%, Shia 20%), other (includes Christian and Hindu) 5%

Languages: Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%

Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 49.9%
Male: 63%
Female: 36% (2005 est.)
Education expenditures:
2.9% of GDP (2008)
country comparison to the world: 153
Age Structure
:
0-14 years: 36.7% (male 33,037,943/female 31,092,572)
15-64 years: 59.1% (male 53,658,173/female 49,500,786)
65 years and over: 4.2% (male 3,495,350/female 3,793,734) (2010 est.)

Population growth rate: 1.589% (2010 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 77

Economy - overview:

Budget
revenues: $22.94 billion
expenditures: $31.54 billion (2009 est.)

GDP (purchasing power parity): $433.1 billion (2009 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 28

GDP - real growth rate: 4.2% (2009 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 41

GDP - per capita (PPP): $2,500 (2009 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 178

GDP - composition by sector:
Agriculture: 20.8%
Industry: 24.3%
Services: 54.9% (2009 est.)

Labor force:
53.78 million
country comparison to the world: 10
Agriculture: 43%
Industry: 20.3%
Services: 36.6% (2005 est.)

Unemployment
14% (2009 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 145

Population below poverty line:

24% (FY05/06 est.)


Communications

Telephones - main lines in use: 4.546 million (2008)
Country comparison to the world: 33

Telephones - mobile cellular: 91.44 million (2009)
country comparison to the world: 9

Internet hosts: 330,466 (2010)
Country comparison to the world: 57

Internet users: 18.5 million (2008)
Country comparison to the world: 20


Transportation
Airports: 148 (2010)
Country comparison to the world: 38

Railways: total: 7,791 km
Country comparison to the world: 28

Roadways: total: 259,197 km
Country comparison to the world: 20

Source