Changing Patterns of Computing

Teaching in 21stCentury

Teacher Training Workshop for Computing Educators

By Prof. Dr. M. A. Pasha

Delivered at University of Sargodha on 06 Sep, 2012

Changing Patterns of Computing


  • Before 1990's –Computer Science (CS), Computer Engineering (CE), and Information Systems (ISs).
  • By 1990s, SE was added in the computing domain.
  • By the end of 1990s, the academia realized that the existing computing degree programs were not producing graduates who had the right mix of knowledge and skills to meet organizational challenges (Lunt, et. al., 2005). Consequently, IT was introduced in computing domain (Lunt, et. al., 2005).
  • "Computational Lens" (Karp, 2011) which articulates a new relationship between computer science and other sciences.
  • "Ternary computing" dealing with computing for the masses (Li, 2010).
  • "e-Science" Managing massive experimental data and collaborating via the Net.
  • "Computational Thinking" (Wing, 2008).
  • Cloud Computing (Li & Zhang, 2009).
  • "computational-x" (e.g., computational mathematics, computational physics, computational finance, etc.).
  • "x-informatics" (e.g., bio-informatics, dental-informatics, clinical-informatics, etc.).


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