1.5 Educational Psychology Related to Handicapped Children

1.5 Educational Psychology Related to Handicapped Children

Education of handicapped children (children with special needs) is the most challenging area of education which uses unique instructional methods, materials, learning aids, and equipment to meet the educational needs of children with learning disabilities.  Education programs designed for handicapped children provide instruction for specific learning difficulties and disabilities, such as speech and language impairments, emotional disturb ands, hearing and visual impairments, autism and other health impairments. To make these educational program more effective, special education instructors modify the curriculum to meet each child’s individual needs. They use various techniques to promote learning like individualized instruction, problem-solving assignments, small group work, etc. They help to develop an Individualized Education Program (IEP) for each disabled child. They work closely with parents to inform them of their child's progress and suggest techniques to promote learning at home. They involve in the students' behavioral, social, and academic development, helping the students develop emotionally, feel comfortable in social situations, and be aware of socially acceptable behavior.

Educational psychology helps special education instructors to develop their knowledge and skills to handle these aspects through offering topics like learning theories; learning processes; teaching and assessment methods; instructional strategies; motivation; cognitive, emotional, and moral development; and parent-child relationships etc.   Knowledge of these topics helps them to make their teaching more effective and rewarding.