3. Theories of Development

Chapter 3

3. Theories of Development

3.1 Cognitive development           24

3.2 Process of Human & Social Development      24

3.3 Theory of Cognitive Development     29

    3.3.1Piaget's theory of cognitive development     29

    3.3.2The Power of Habit: The Empiricist Tradition         34

    3.3.3 The Information Processing Model: The Mind as a Computer        35

    3.3.4 Biological Theories  36

    3.3.5 Constructivism: The Child as Epistemologist          37

     3.3.6 The Social and Cultural Bases of Cognition            39

3.4 Nature and Nurture     40

3.5 Social Development and Theory of Social Development       41

    3.5.1Social Development  41

    3.5.2Theory of Social Development         42

    3.5.3  Erikson's Psychosocial Development Theory         43

3.6 Emotional Development and Theories of Emotional Development 47

    3.6.1 Emotional Development      47

    3.6.2 Children’s Emotional Development            48

    3.6.3 Adolescent Emotional Development           53

    3.6.4 Emotional Self-Efficacy      56

     3.6.5 The Development of Self-Identity  57

     3.6.6 Erik Erikson and Self-Identity        58

     3.6.7 James Marcia and Self-Identity       60

3.7 Moral Development and Theories of Emotional Development          62

     3.7.1Moral Development  62

    3.7.2 Interpersonal Influences on Moral Development    64

     3.7.3 Morality and Cognition: Intentionality        64

    3.7.4 Morality and Intergroup Attitudes  65

    3.7.5 Moral development and social exclusion     66

    3.7.6 Moral Emotions       66

    3.7.7 Morality and Culture     67